6th Grade TAKS Facts

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2011-02-03 20:59 by waters_849519_ediscio

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1. Primary Sources are the original records of an event.  They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters to people involved in the event, photographs, and artifacts.

2. Secondary Sources are the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers.  Often secondary sources, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.

3. Representative Government is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.

4. The Magna Carta, signed in 1215 by King John of England, was the first document that limited power of the ruler.

5. The English Bill of Rights protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights.

6. The Enlightenment was a movement during the 1700s that spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society.

7. A tariff is a tax on goods brought into a country.

8. Tyranny is a cruel and unjust government.

9. The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776.

10. The Declaration of Independence was a document written by Thomas Jefferson, declaring the colonies independence from England.

11. The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787.

12. The Constitution of the United States sets out the laws and principles of the government of the United States.

13. A Republic is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them.

14. A Democracy is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving people the supreme power.

15. The Three Branches of Government are the Legislative Branch (makes laws), the Executive Branch (enforces the laws), and the Judicial Branch (interprets the laws).

Bicameral is consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in a legislature.

16. Under Republicanism, voters hold sovereign power.  The people elect representatives and give them the responsibility to make laws and conduct government.

17. The Bill of Rights is the first 10 amendments to the Constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties.

18. The First Amendment states that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.

19. The Second Amendment guarantees the rights of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms.

20. The Third Amendment forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes.

21. The Fourth Amendment requires that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government.

22. Free Enterprise is the freedom of private business to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation.

23. Capitalism is an economic system based on private property and free enterprise.

24. The Industrial Revolution was the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place.